El argumento de muchas personas que se oponen a una salida más amigable para legalizar a miles de indocumentados, es el hecho de que esto acarrearía una carga negativa para la economía estadounidense. Sin embargo, un reciente informe indica que los inmigrantes serían uno de los principales interesados en mejorar la situación financiera de Estados Unidos.
De acuerdo con el informe, realizado por el Centro de Estudios de Inmigración, más de las dos terceras partes del crecimiento del empleo que se ha generado en los EE.UU ha derivado de los inmigrantes, o de quienes nacieron fuera del país.
Stephen Camarota, uno de los co-autores del informe señala que esto puede ser noticia tanto para quienes son ciudadanos americanos y han nacido en Estados Unidos, como también para aquellos que provienen de otros países y han venido a USA con la finalidad de enviar dinero a sus familias.
“Es extraordinario que el crecimiento que ha tenido la empleabilidad en los últimos cuatro años ha provenido de extranjeros”, dice Camarota.
Asimismo, agrego que le parecía sorprendente que esta información no haya sido mencionada en ninguno de los debates presidenciales que tuvieron lugar en Octubre pasado.
Alex Nowrasteh, un investigador del Instituto Cato, señaló que las mayores ganancias de empleabilidad han sido observadas en sectores donde los inmigrantes principalmente operan.
"En la actualidad las áreas de la economía que tiene mayor contrataciones son: la agricultura y la alta tecnología, las cuales han sido por excelencia trabajos representativos de la fuerza inmigrante."
Un ejemplo más directo de cuán beneficioso los inmigrantes han sido para la economía de los EE.UU. proviene de los números dentro del mismo estudio.
Con base en las estadísticas recogidas de la Oficina del Censo de EE.UU. y el Centro para Estudios de Inmigración, el informe estableció que el empleo entre los inmigrantes, tanto documentados como no autorizados para trabajar, – se ha incrementado desde 21,2 millones a 23,2 millones desde 2009.
Mientras tanto, el empleo entre los ciudadanos nacidos en Estados Unidos ha aumentado desde 118 millones a 119 millones. En resumen, casi más de 2 millones de inmigrantes han sido contratados en comparación con tan sólo los 938.000 ciudadanos americanos que han conseguido puestos de trabajo en la misma cantidad de tiempo.
Estudio del FRBSF revela que inmigrantes ayudan a mejorar los ingresos
Pero esto es sólo uno de varios estudios que se han realizado en los últimos años que dan testimonio del efecto positivo de los inmigrantes en la economía de los EE.UU.. Por ejemplo, en agosto de 2010, el Federal Reserve Bank de San Francisco publicó resultados similares.
"La forma más precisa de medir el impacto neto de la inmigración en este tipo de economía es analizar los efectos de forma dinámica con el tiempo", dijo el líder del estudio de la Universidad de California, Giovanni Peri.
"Los datos muestran que, en términos netos, los inmigrantes amplían la capacidad productiva de la economía de EE.UU., estimulan la inversión y promueven la especialización que a la larga aumenta la productividad. De acuerdo con investigaciones anteriores, no hay evidencia de que esto sea a costas y traiga consecuencias negativas para aquellos trabajadores nacidos en los Estados Unidos."
Peri dice que entre 1990 y 2007, el total de inmigración a los EE.UU. trajo consigo un aumento del ingreso real de cada trabajador y paso desde el 6,6 por ciento al 9,9 por ciento. Esto se traduce en un adicional de $ 5,100 para cada trabajador en el mercado laboral de EE.UU, durante el 2005.
Más inmigrantes se están dando cuenta de las perspectivas de empleabilidad que tienen en los EE.UU. frente a otros lugares del mundo. Esto puede ser evidenciado por el aumento del número de personas que han solicitado acción diferida de ser deportados.
La administración del presidente Barack Obama lanzó recientemente números que indican que más de 50.000 inmigrantes han sido aprobados para el estado DACA, que es la abreviación en Ingles para el programa de acción diferida para los llegados en la Infancia.
Xoom, a leading online mobile money transfer right from their iPhone, Android or other smartphone.company, already makes it easy for you to around the world, and it’s getting even simpler with the launch of its new mobile website. Now Xoom customers can make a
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Having both Xoom’s mobile site and mobile banking at your fingertips wherever you go makes it easy to check your bank account balance before you. For instance, if you deposit a check, you can click into your mobile banking app to see if it has cleared yet. If not, you can always visit the mobile Xoom site and schedule a transfer to occur when you know the check will be cleared.
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Manny Pacquiao’s third fight with Juan Manuel Marquez was supposed to end the debate between the two fighters once and for all. Instead, it only served to raise more questions.
The Filipino phenomenon defeated Marquez by majority decision, but the fight did not end without controversy. Many in the arena felt that Marquez had outboxed Pacquiao, and one of the judges scored the fight as a draw. Pacquiao officially walked away as the winner, but its doubtful that the rivalry between these two boxers is over.
To put the fight into perspective, Pacquiao and Marquez have a long history together, and almost all of their matches have ended with controversy, as they’ve gone to a judge’s decision and the fights have been extremely close. Their first match, in 2004, ended in a draw, which is the last non-win on Pacquiao’s record. Pacquiao attempted to silence the critics in 2008, and walked away with a split decision – by just one point.
After both fights, Marquez hasn’t been shy about what he thought of the judge’s decision, repeatedly claiming he was “robbed” and that the judges were giving Pacquiao the win because of his superstar status.
After the decision was announced at the most recent fight, it appeared that nothing had changed.
“I was robbed,” he told the Los Angeles Times. “It happened again. I don’t think there is much more I can do in the ring.”
Some feel that Marquez got a raw deal due to the proposed Pacquiao versus Floyd Mayweather superfight that has been talked about. If Pacquiao had lost to the lesser Marquez, it would mean millions of dollars in lost revenue for the Mayweather bout. Others feel that Pacquiao legitimately won the fight, mainly due to his excellent defense and counterpunching. Though not as flashy as Marquez, Pacquiao blocked many of his strikes and scored points when he left openings.
That’s a sentiment that Pacquiao himself shares, telling reporters after the match that he felt like he did enough to win the fight.
“Yes, it was clear. I blocked a lot of his punches,” he told the news source. “If he wants a rematch, he’ll get it.”
Still, that didn’t look good for a Pacquiao camp that claimed to have been training for the knockout going into the fight. Pacquiao himself was said to be truly motivated, hoping to knock out Marquez and not leave anything in the hands of the judges.
Now, it appears that the Mayweather fight will be on hold for the time being anyways. Mayweather’s managers have challenged Pacquiao to a May 5th fight, but it seems Pacquiao is leaning toward a fourth match with Marquez instead.
“I’m bound and determined to find a definitive winner from these two,” said Top Rank Promoter Bob Arum. “If we can get both fighters to agree, we’ll put it on May 5. That fight [Mayweather] can still be there for us in November .”
While Marquez is obviously an elite fighter, he is typically not considered to be in Pacquiao’s class. Yet it appears that Pacquiao has found a true rival – someone whose style simply gives him fits, an opponent that he can’t seem to shake.
Thus it appears that the world will have to wait for the fight that everyone wants to see, which is Pacquiao vs. Mayweather. Then again, given the way these two have gone after each other in their trilogy thus far, the more entertaining matchup might just be a fourth bout.
Technology makes everything easier, and that's definitely true for sending money overseas. International travelers may remember the hassle of wiring money before the advent of the internet, but nowadays its a simple few clicks with Xoom and your funds are on their way.
It's easy to wire money to Germany with Xoom, as the funds are deposited directly into your friend or family member's account. Direct deposit is both secure and convenient, and the money typically arrives in your recipient's account within minutes. The friend or family member in Germany can then access the funds easily through any ATM.
You can deposit your funds to any bank in Germany, including Postbank, Sparda-Banken, Commerzbank, Barclays Bank, Citibank, Deutsche Bank, Teambank, BayernLB, Landesbank Berlin and many others. Xoom will also display the current exchange rate when you make your transaction so you know exactly how much you are sending.
You'll need your recipient's bank account number in order to complete the transaction. Keep in mind that if you wire money after 4 P.M. on a weekday, German time, your funds will be deposited by 4 P.M. the next business day., also German time.
If your family lives in Argentina while you are working in the United States, you will likely have to send money back-and-forth on a regular basis. Your family's finances are important, so it's critical that you find an online money transfer service that can handle your transactions in a convenient yet secure fashion. This is where Xoom comes in.
Many Argentinians opt to send money back home using Xoom because of the numerous options they have for completing transactions. When sending money to Argentina, you'll be able to choose between a cash pick-up or a direct bank deposit. Xoom partners with BBVA Banca Frances to offer cash pick-ups at more than 300 locations across Argentina. Once you hit send on your computer, it normally takes about 15 minutes for this type of transaction to process. Your recipient can pick up the funds at any branch during normal hours of operation.
Some prefer the convenience of a bank deposit instead. With this transaction, you'll instead be depositing the money directly into a bank account. In addition to the previously mentioned BBVA Banca Frances, this service is offered with HSBC, Galicia, Credicoop, Estandar Bank, Citibank, Banco Provincia de Buenos Aires, Banco Santander and several others.
If you're living abroad but your family is back in the United Kingdom, you may have to wire money back-and-forth while you're apart. With Xoom, this process is simplified so that sending money online is a snap.
Xoom allows you to transfer money via your computer directly into your recipient's bank account. These transactions are processed in less than an hour to most banks in the United Kingdom.
If you're working with Santander, Bank of Scotland, Barclays, Clydesdale, Co-Operative Bank, Coutts, First Direct, Halifax, HSBC, Lloyds TSB, Natwest Bank, Northern Bank, Northern Rock, Royal Bank of Scotland, Smile, Ulster Bank or Yorkshire Bank, you can expect the funds to reach your recipient in less than an hour. If you wire money after 11 P.M. GMT, they should be there by 2 A.M. GMT.
If you wire money to any other bank in the U.K., the funds will be available in two business days.
Xoom also makes it easy to see the exchange rates when you send money, so you can know exactly how much you're sending. Plus, you won't be charged an additional fee by the receiving bank.
If you've never used Xoom to send money online before, you'll likely be surprised by how simple it is to quickly and securely transfer funds anywhere in the world, including the Dominican Republic. For those who have family or friends back home in the D.R., Xoom offers a number of different ways to send cash fast.
Those sending money to the Dominican Republic have three options: home delivery, cash pick-up and bank deposit. Home delivery is very secure and convenient and is available seven days a week. Money sent in this fashion usually arrives at your recipient's doorstep in about three hours.
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Currently, $1 is equivalent to about 38 Dominican pesos. When you send money via Xoom, the exchange rate will be clearly displayed, and you'll be able to lock in the rate you've selected.
If you have family or friends back in Colombia and you need to send money to them, it's easier than ever with Xoom. Sending money online is fast, secure and simple to complete, and you can get set up in not time at all.
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If you choose a bank deposit with Bancolombia, the money will usually clear within 15 minutes. For all other banks, your receipient will have to wait a full business day before the funds are available to them.
Xoom has nearly 1,000 locations across Colombia for cash pick-ups. You can send money to Bancolombia, Macrofinanciera or Davivienda, and the funds will typically be available within 15 minutes.
At the moment, $1 is equal to 1783 Colombian pesos. When you use Xoom to send money online, you'll be able to see the current exchange rate and lock that price in.